Managing Multiple SSH Keys
Hopefully, you aren't using a single SSH key for authenticating into absolutely everything. You should be using multiple SSH keys to provide isolation levels. You may be tempted to use just a single key because itt can be quite cumbersome to remember which key you need for which hosts, and typing in the path every time. For example:
ssh -i /path/to/private/key myUser@my.domain.org
Wouldn't it be great if your computer would just automatically use the correct key depending on which host you were trying to connect to? Thus you would just need to run:
Here, I will show you how to do just that.
Run the following commands to ensure you have the relevant file with the correct permissions (it won't be used if the permissions or ownership is wrong!).
touch $HOME/.ssh/config sudo chown $USER:$USER $HOME/.ssh/config sudo chmod 700 $HOME/.ssh/config
Populate it with entries similar to:
Host git.mydomain.org HostName git.mydomain.org User user1 Port 22 IdentityFile /path/to/private-key Host git.mySecondDomain.org HostName git.mySecondDomain.org User user2 Port 22 IdentityFile /path/to/private-key2
You don't have to use the same name in the
HostName fields. You can set an alias instead. For example if you had the following lines in your config file:
Host git-server HostName git.mySecondDomain.org User user2 Port 22 IdentityFile /path/to/private-key2
...then you could connect to the server just by running:
First published: 16th August 2018